Friday, 20 July 2018

NON-LINEAR ASYMPTOTIC BLACK HOLES & GRAVITATIONAL BOMBS


Author : Deepak Loomba
ABSTRACT: Asymptotic space-time multi-dimensional structures are those towards which the space-time curvature tends endlessly but never touches. Thereby creating two separate worlds one outside/on-side and other inside/other-side of this asymptote. This could create very high stability threshold systems that could reach exceptionally high potential, owing to exceptionally low entropy of the asymptotic energy wall, that could indeed bear a whole universe. The uniqueness of my thesis lies in portraying asymptotic black holes as stable equilibrium systems with a high energy threshold that should be breached, before the stability is destroyed. The snap action beyond the threshold could lead to huge big bang like events. The higher uniformity in the wall, the higher the potential, that can be sustained in the system before it snaps. Thereby, providing a clue to the non-uniformity of universe.
I present my hypothesis on the possibility of variety of structures of blackholes.
Assuming structure of space curves around high density mass as in case of black holes. There are two possible cases, this curvature grows uniformly in all directions or non-uniformly.
Lets assume it grows uniformly. It can then be safely assumed that the change is curvature as one dwells towards the centre of mass, shall either grow incrementally to in quantum leaps.
Lets further assume that the growth is incremental (notwithstanding the rate of growth), which means that the space will not make steep 90degrees turn such that anything undergoing spaghettification shall never have a discrete 90degres angle in it in the process of spaghettification.
Therefore, an unquantized space shall spiral in and not cross the centre of mass. Which in other words means that there is no possibility of a spaghettized object to be spaghettized in such manner that it traverses through the centre then pointing away from the centre. Therefore, the spaghetti will always be moving towards the centre with higher velocity such that by the time it reaches close to centre it is only Energy having converted its entire mass.
Lets now assume that the curvature of space because of density and distribution of mass is such that the equation of curvature has a non-linear asymptote. A good example would be to imagine having drawn y=1/x on X-Y axis with Y=0 being the asymptote to the equation. Let us now change the curvature of the two dimensional space by introducing a third dimension (for ease of perceiving). Let us curve the paper or even fold it into a cylinder, such that the Y=0 is not a circle on this cylinder. Now look at the asymptote and the equation. The asymptote remains as it is an asymptote to a newer graph with additional dimension and is no more linear, but it still is an asymptote.
Therefore, there can be non-linear asymptotes. The abovementioned example is a relatively easy one. Indeed a sphere can also be an asymptote such that the graph tends to move closer and closer towards this sphere but never kisses it.

I therefore propose that under certain circumstances a black hole could have an internal event horizon as well, such that within this sphere there exists neither space nor time, as the curvature draws into a perfect sphere. Mass by the time it reaches close to this boundary while constantly enhancing its speed will convert into energy. On and inside this sphere there will be no space-time or mass.
What stops asymptotic blackholes to occur? According to me nothing.
Indeed, the singularity blackhole is an asymptotic blackhole, where the asymptotic sphere is one with one quanta radius (in quantized version) and zero radius in classical. While mathematically there could indeed by cylindrical asymptotic blackholes as well.
It is interesting to hypothesize what will be inside this hollow sphere? Assuming that by the time mass reaches the walls of the asymptotic blackhole, it would have disappeared from being a line with extending far (into this inward-spiral infinity) till it converts into energy, and hence the walls of this sphere will have no entropy. Distribution of energy in all directions will be equal. The space could either just no exist as nothing will breach this spherical wall or there could be co-spherical space inside as it will be pulled equally into all directions. But it will be unreachable, as there spaces will be like parallel universes with no leak from one into other. As the density of energy at the walls increases, the space inside will be in higher and higher tension* though the equilibrium of directions will maintain it stable. I am in knowledge of no physical or mathematical operator that could somehow provide description to this tension, but the asymptotic spherical blackhole wall will pull the space inside towards itself creating a tension. The best way to describe this tension would be to imagine a spherical spaghetti which somehow at the initial stage of formation got trapped, as the asymptotic blackhole wall energy density keeps on increasing the spherical sphaggetti will keep on  thinning endlessly. At very high levels of wall energy, the central point of space-time could start to be sucked out, vacating the centre of sphere from space-time. The higher the energy density the higher is the sensitivity to equilibrium in all directions.
This actually is an exceptionally high potential gravitational equilibrium system. Call it a gravitational bomb.
The stability of the system happens because the asymptotic energy wall pulls in mass & energy from outside and space fabric from inside. The sensitivity of such a system to directional equilibrium (entropy) will keep on increasing with increase in the potential of the system. Subsequently, there is a point beyond which the system fails to ignore the slightest directional entropy thereby leading to snap of internal space-time.
Therefore, the life of this blackhole is determined by the entropy of the asymptotic blackhole energy wall. The disorder in the distribution of energy in the wall determines as to how energy intensive the asymptotic black hole energy wall has to be before, the threshold of this minute disorder ignorance is crossed.
There could of course be other related phenomena including bumping of such asymptotic black holes into one another, in some cases even alignment, merger of mutual self destruction.
Big bang could have happened from a similar event that had exceptionally low entropy asymptotic energy wall, leading to an exceptionally high energy density whose snapping point threshold was exceptionally large leading to formation of our current universe.
Like any equilibrium system there could be ‘n’ different possibilities of how it is borne and how it decays. I have presented one of those myriad possibilities.

Wednesday, 20 June 2018

Yes, its probably warm and white.


It's warm and white.


Death is a business, which, when realized, effects one in manners not always comprehensible. 2006-2007 were years of distress with loss of five close family members one after the other. Like in everything else, realization of it is so different from knowledge of death.

In 2007 though frequent panic-attacks* (detailed ahead at the end of this article for those who are interested to learn about it) were being battled with, yet sleep came usually & effortlessly. Neither was there anything notable about this indistinct night, nor anything preceding it, nor was alcohol or any other intoxicant consumed. Nothing remarkable is remembered before this event, which is the subject of this narration that transpired in sleep.

At some point of time preceding 0300hours or so (estimated) ‘the dream’ commenced. Manifestly etched in memory; it seems an occurrence yesterday, fresh and clear. Notwithstanding, eleven years that have flowed thence.

‘The dream’ commenced with bedding being readied, by laying a common 50 kg jute bag of standard one metre length on the coal-tar road, right next to the footpath, with the jute bag’s length radiating perpendicularly off the paved footpath's one foot high embankment that curved just couple of metres ahead of the jute-bedding spot, as it approached the corner of the crossroad in Delhi, distinctly recognized as Kingsway Camp Square. It was very early morning as the population was scant and there was no eye-straining sunlight. Behind, on the other side of the footpath was a corner sweets shop (an analogue of a chocolatier in Europe). On the immediately closer side of the footpath, just behind the jute bedding was a large five feet tall, plump red-post-box standing on the footpath embankment. Having laid the jute bag, the next instant found own body lying on it with head resting towards the pavement and legs pointing to the middle of the road, as it was watched from few feet away.

Few moments of watching oneself lying were followed by being inside oneself. After a few, countable moments of being inside one’s body that was lying on jute bag the people and things of the busy crossroad of Delhi had disappeared like an extinguished spark. Once inside, it was felt – ‘usual’ and 'awake', though in a dream.

Some time of habitation in own ‘dreamt’ body were followed by a sleep that was experienced in that body (the one on the roadside, in dream). Strangely though, & difficult to perceive, sleep was actually experienced in a dreamt sleeping body!

Not much sleep had occurred in the dreamt body lying on a jute bag, when a new dream commenced - a dream of a dream.

As soon as the dream-in-dream started, there was whiteness - soothingly incandescent white light everywhere. Nothing else was visible other than ubiquitous warm white light. The duration of being inside the white light of a dream in a dream is not recollected. The light was so unknowingly good that bliss got distinguished from happiness, thereafter. Being in this warm light was highly calming and peaceful. The feeling was incomparable with anything, before or after. Through the duration of being there in the warm whiteness for a palpable duration, there was not a sliver of scare or fright. Awareness of self & the soothing warm light were the only two things that were felt or known throughout.

Gradually, though enchanted by warm whiteness, while being completely aware of self; wondered to self aloud in mind, "Why here, in this state? Is this state permanent or one which can be exited?” It is important to know that in that whiteness there was no realization of what ‘getting out’ meant because everything besides self and the whiteness was oblivion. Hence, a slim feeling of being trapped, without the scare associated with it. So getting out should essentially be interpreted as ending the session of being in whiteness, while having no information then, about what lies out of it.

Immediately, thereafter first trial was made to get out of the state of being in warm, heavenly, blissful whiteness. Exit didn’t happen.

While there was no fright at all, while being inside the whiteness, which remained excellent & positive all throughout, yet there was a persistent self-realization that the state has to be exited. Couple of failed attempts to exit, were followed by another thought - "what if this heavenly warm whiteness is a trap forever?"

It is once again pertinent to mention that no panic was generated from failed attempts to get out. Ultimately, on 5th or may be 7th trial, the exit happened. The body lying on jute bag, next to the pavement on the Road could be seen from a few feet away. There was a relief of having exited the dream-in-dream. Within next few moments, exit happened from the first, primary dream as well. Eyes opened wide in an instant (as though the now-awake state was just a continuation of the semi-conscious experience), while the back of the body effortless raised itself to sit on the bed in the next half second, as though sleep had never happened at all. Immediately thereafter, the wrist was held tightly within the fingers to measure pulse, while seconds arm on the clock hung on the opposite wall was tracked (because of frequent panic attacks* expertise had developed at measuring pulse which was often done to check onslaught of tachycardia). Took the first half minute reading. The heart beat feebly for only 14 times in the first half minute. Not believing, next full minute reading was taken. It was ~40. After another 2 minutes it was already ~70+ which is norm. It is probable that in the dream the pulse rate must have been much below 28 beats a minute, which was recorded few seconds after getting out of the whiteness and the dream-in-the-dream.

It was only after being awakened to exceptionally low pulse rate did the first signs of worry & scare happen. Puzzled, after 5 minutes the pulse rate was measured again, it clocked 80 beats safely and regularly. Waking up the partner, sleeping next, on the bed seemed unnecessary.

Next day was spent searching internet and enough literature was found on such experiences - all clubbed under "NDE (near death experiences)".

The warm white of no-fear and bliss is crisp in memory till date.

Did the event change life principally? Honestly - No, other than two notable changes (which may or may not be connected with it at all) – (i) panic attacks were cured soon after by reading about them (there was no magic cure, to be specific) and without any medical help; (ii) felt as though scare of death was somewhat reduced. Panic attacks* had impacted so much that dreadful scare while flying had infested the mind after more than one and a half decade of flying & few hundred commercial flights across the world till then. Interestingly till panic attacks started, flying was a thrill & love. Flew even a motorless glider, while taking piloting lessons in boarding school!

The only other distinct thing -

thankfully, never ever experienced that bliss again and that …

yes, it is probably warm and white!


*You may not read about panic attacks (written below) if it doesn’t interest you.

A little about panic attacks for those who might not know about it. Panic attacks have nothing in common with the story above. This information is being shared to let others who suffer from it, and have failed to get a diagnosis, know about it & its cure.

Panic attacks leave people scarred for life. Reason - it is the closest one can get to symptoms of death, without actually dying. Tachycardia, extreme heart sink feeling, extreme shortness of breath, as strong, as though someone is strangling one's neck and body. The condition can persist for few minutes to half hour or so. Draining one completely of life.

The condition is a false alarm that is raised in Amygdala (part of brain) conveying the same to the body & other parts of brain (hypothalamus & hippocampus) a message of emergency having had happened to body. The signal leads to release of hormones into blood that fuel faster heartbeat. When the brain senses emergency, like in case one skids or stumbling a stair or having pushed to fall; amygdala triggers high-intensity brain operations (very high brain power utility) thereby requiring exceptionally large bouts of oxygen (hence the shortness of breath), which can be delivered only by increasing the blood flow rate to brain. This leads to tachycardia (faster heart beat) and loss of breath and sometimes heart sink. When the condition occurs, one is induced into an emergency (though in case of panic attack, it’s a false alarm), which further fuels a chain reaction.

Once discovered, everything about panic attacks was read. Few books, articles, literally everything on which hands could be laid, because the doctors diagnosed nothing but stress and gave anti-anxiety tabs, which seemed unacceptable as the problem seemed physiological not psychological.

Then in one blog, something strange came across - it said, "if you can induce a panic attack yourself – at your will, you will conquer it". Sitting in a train, while reading the blog induction of panic attack was tried. Surprisingly in 5-6 trials of applying an internal pressure by way of exploding chest (as it seemed to mind!), panic attack was induced. Shocked though, that the attack can be induced by oneself, the realization genuinely was curing. Once realized that the condition can be induced, it no more bothered and the chain effect stopped working. In the last few years they never happened and the problem stands cured.

Sunday, 1 April 2018

Imaginerials - The imagination materials & phenomena

Through my paper "Mind, Matter, Design, Cognition, Intellect, Imagination, Knowledge, Consciousness, Evolution, Reproduction & Culture", that I published on ResearchGate there is an important conclusion that there needs to grow a new sort of materials or may be phenomena that will enable imagination to happen. Materials (or Phenomena) I termed Imaginerials.

Imagination is a process, where both cognition and impact/influence happen without sensing. Such processes are turned ‘non-spontaneous’.

This therefore, is the major disparity between thinking and imagining - both are done by mind, as of now. While thinking uses reason & hence knowledge & consequently information procured through five senses. Imagination does not need sensing to happen. 

Furthermore, lack of sensing in imagination means lack of intent (lack of sensing is sufficient condition for lack of intent; but lack of intent is not sufficient for lack of sensing). Here comes the challenge - all materials and phenomena created currently, use intent, reason and knowledge as the fundamental processes of existence nd propagation. Imaginerials would require no intent or purpose to exist or execute phenomena, doing it completely in a non-spontaneous manner. Since intent will be absent, therefore, there will be no possible way for humans to control initiation of phenomena, though I have discovered no constraints to possibility of control of processing. 

Imaginerials, therefore a either materials or phenomena, which execute action and impact (effect) without any intent or reason at all. Therefore, the triggers for any action by imaginerials cannot be external but have to be internal - not initiated by interaction with environs but is a non-spontaneous (for no reason) process that is completely random in its occurrence.


Indeed, there is a need for development of the science of creation of uncontrolled materials and phenomena. This will lead to autonomous exploration - without intent, command & control of human mind. This will lead to creation, discovery and invention of newer phenomena and processes that will use imagination instead of intelligence and reasoning. That will be a new world.

Wednesday, 21 March 2018

Hope versus Expectations

A short discussion on how 'hope' differs from 'expectations'.

Hope and expectations are synonymous, but for the context.

When there is no statistical understanding and hence reasonable basis for occurrence or non-occurrence of an outcome - one uses the word 'hope' not 'expect'. Expectations is used when there is some real or even perceived, emotional or intellectual understanding of reasons why a specific outcome should or should not occur.

Examples - One can hope to go to heaven not expect to go there; because no one has any knowledge of having been there. One expects one's child to graduate, but one can only hope that the entire batch graduates.

Since hope requires no reasonable cause to exist, "hope dies last". When all reasonable basis to expect something to occur or not occur have ended & one has no expectations, one can still hope.

When the cause is reason, one 'expects'. As soon as reason is substituted by belief, one can only 'hope'.

                           ... Deepak Loomba

Share if you like!

Wednesday, 14 March 2018

Poem for Grandpa's death anniversary



अगर हमारे प्रिय पापाजी कहीं होंगे
तो वो कया सोच रहे होंगे?
उन्हीं को समर्पित ये रचना :

बंधा था मैं, एक फ़िरकी से,
और लिपटा था मैं मांझे सा;
जो उड़ने लगा, तो अलग हुआ,
फिर कट गया और बहने लगा;
फिरकी की नज़र से ओझल हुआ,
जो छोड़ गया कुछ ऊलझने थी;
जिनहे देखता हूँ तो सोचता हूँ
जब लीपटा था तो कैसा था ?

Sunday, 4 March 2018

Intentionality


The word 'intention' is invariably closely linked to purpose, which could be either and outcome of an imaginative or a real, occuring process. Since 'purpose' is central to intentionality. It becomes critical to lucidly define a pool of few states of the word 'purpose'. Purpose has a perceived motive, an end result, imaginative or real

I argue against this more straightforward understanding of intentionality because 'purpose', itself is prone to multidimensionality and ambivalent interpretetion. 

It is therefore important to discuss the word 'purpose' itself. 

Purposes have a few different states. 

Purpose in Spontaneous Processes
The first state of purpose is that by which an object - living or non-living undergoes a spontaneous or non-spontaneous process. If the processes undertaken are spontaneous then they need nothing but the laws of physics to occur. Often such processes are misnterpreted as purposeless (mainly because they occur without human intervention). In reality, the purpose behind such processes is not lost, its just that it requires no additional human or machine effort, other than the laws of nature, to happen. An example is falling of a anything from sky - the purpose is to concur with the laws of entropy. Usually in such cases the purpose as generally perceived as being an act of a living thing seems to be absent. In reality it exists. 


Purpose in Non-Spontaneous Processes

In non-spontaneous processes it happens by desire which is explained in my other article. Human desire defined internally or by an external protocol is the purpose in all non-spontaneous processes. 

Another way to look at intentionality is to define the absence of intentionality rather than its presence, assuming absence of metastates. This approach has been discussed in my previous article (https://chinggary.blogspot.in/2017/06/?m=1)

Desired State Intentionality - Impurposeful Intentionality
Besides the spontaneous and non spontaneous purposes, we go one step further to investigate another type of purpose - one where the result is not a pre-defined state but is a random state. From the article quoted above (https://chinggary.blogspot.in/2017/06/?m=1) we came to a conclusion that random output is possible only in case of absence of intentionality. Therefore, we can safely assume that a random output is one, where no purpose existed. This tantamounts to being impurposeful intentionality. Seems an oxymoron. But it is not on deeper thought. Indeed, a random result can be the purpose of an action.Why not? If the process is random there can be no purpose; but if the output is purposed to be random, there is no problem. It can very much have both purpose and intentionality. Therefore, we can categorise the third possible state of purpose or output to be 'desired state'.

Optimal & Sub-Optimal States
Desired State Purpose can be subclassified as optimal amd sub-optimal desired states. In most desired states and outputs, the process is tailored to ultimately yield the desired output. 
Optimal state in spontaneous processes requires no knowledge of the process, but in non-spontaneous processes the optimality of the process is completely dependent on the knowledge and experience that has been gathered by mankind over decades and sometimes centuries. 

In spontaneous processes output is randomly achieved to concur with some laws without any preference for a desired state. 

In Non-sponstaneous states we have introduced a desired state. It is important to note and understand that a desired state is just that - desired state and should not how be confused with the optimal state. 

Intent & Consciousness
The role of intent on consciousness has already been outlined in definition of consciousness. Hence, the intentionality connect with consciousness.



This article is to be ideally read with my other three articles to have a complete understanding of Intentionality coupled with Desire, and few other elements:

- Reproducibility, Information, Perception, Desire, Ontent, Spontaneous, Random, Indeterminate & Probabilistic

- Consciousness, Evolution & Artificial Intelligence

- Mind, Energy & Matter - Conversation with Siddartha


Author: Deepak Loomba

Monday, 15 January 2018

Corruption is inversely proportional to distance from equator


Corruption is inversely proportional to distance from equator & indirectly is culturally motivated, as cultures are fostered and deeply impacted by climates.
Through a session of Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen that I attended in New Delhi in which he spoke of his latest book and informed all of us about some very surprising facts. One of such facts was his information that India has more than 300 historic calendar types.
In the interaction there was a discussion by Dr. Sen on the issue of corruption that is plaguing our nation. Almost instinctively I thought of why northern Europe is so transparent and corruption-free. This brought me to a question, which I shot on to him without much though process and largely by instinct – is there a link between cultural types and corruption. Are we from subcontinent somehow more inclined to be corrupt by culture.
He answered immediately saying that it is not true. He quoted that having being an Advisor to the Government of Italy, he was exposed to a European nation plagued by high corruption, and that he does not believe that we in India or for that reason any other culture has higher or lower inclination towards corruption.
I respectably thanked him for his view. But in my mind, I was not satisfied by the answer. This conversation happened in early 2017. I did keep on thinking about it and realized that culture largely is effected by the climate in which people live. This is a known fact. The next idea that crept in my mind was following – why not to research and try proving my point of view using an easy tool. This is what I did.
I accessed the corruption score level as accessed by Transparency International. I then accessed the latitudinal locations of nations. Clubbing them together in a band of 15 degrees. That is – from 0°, 15°N, 30°N, 45°N, 60°N. Similarly, 15°S, 30°S, 45°S, 60°S.
The nations considered are those which are of some sensible size in terms of population in each band.
I then took averages of the national corruption scores of the nations falling in each band. Following is the astonishing results that I fathomed, which lead to my discovery – “Distance from the equator is inversely proportional to levels of corruption”.



Below mentioned is the attestation to my assertion:
Latitudnal Belt
Bands
Average Corruption Scores for nations falling in the corresponding band
60° N
1
                    76.71
45° N
2
                    46.50
30° N
3
                    34.38
15° N
4
                    28.13
5
                    31.10
15° S
6
                    31.00
30° S
7
                    50.83
45° S
8
                    64.00








Below mentioned are the details of Corruption Levels of various nations as assessed by Transparency Level and Nations whose corruption levels have been considered to reach an average for every latitudinal band.
SN
Nation
2016
SN
Nation
2016
SN
Nation
2016
1
Denmark
90






2
New Zealand
90
60
Cuba
47
120
Dominican Republic
31
3
Finland
89
60
Italy
47
120
Ecuador
31
4
Sweden
88
62
Sao Tome and Principe
46
120
Malawi
31
5
Switzerland
86
62
Saudi Arabia
46
123
Azerbaijan
30
6
Norway
85
64
Montenegro
45
123
Djibouti
30
7
Singapore
84
64
Oman
45
123
Honduras
30
8
Netherlands
83
64
Senegal
45
123
Laos
30
9
Canada
82
64
South Africa
45
123
Mexico
30
10
Germany
81
64
Suriname
45
123
Moldova
30
10
Luxembourg
81
69
Greece
44
123
Paraguay
30
10
United Kingdom
81
70
Bahrain
43
123
Sierra Leone
30
13
Australia
79
70
Ghana
43
131
Iran
29
14
Iceland
78
72
Burkina Faso
42
131
Kazakhstan
29
15
Belgium
77
72
Serbia
42
131
Nepal
29
15
Hong Kong
77
72
Solomon Islands
42
131
Russia
29
17
Austria
75
75
Bulgaria
41
131
Ukraine
29
18
United States
74
75
Kuwait
41
136
Guatemala
28
19
Ireland
73
75
Tunisia
41
136
Kyrgyzstan
28
20
Japan
72
75
Turkey
41
136
Lebanon
28
21
Uruguay
71
79
Belarus
40
136
Myanmar
28
22
Estonia
70
79
Brazil
40
136
Nigeria
28
23
France
69
79
China
40
136
Papua New Guinea
28
24
Bahamas
66
79
India
40
142
Guinea
27
24
Chile
66
83
Albania
39
142
Mauritania
27
24
United Arab Emirates
66
83
Bosnia and Herzegovina
39
142
Mozambique
27
27
Bhutan
65
83
Jamaica
39
145
Bangladesh
26
28
Israel
64
83
Lesotho
39
145
Cameroon
26
29
Poland
62
87
Mongolia
38
145
Gambia
26
29
Portugal
62
87
Panama
38
145
Kenya
26
31
Barbados
61
87
Zambia
38
145
Madagascar
26
31
Qatar
61
90
Colombia
37
145
Nicaragua
26
31
Slovenia
61
90
Indonesia
37
151
Tajikistan
25
31
Taiwan
61
90
Liberia
37
151
Uganda
25
35
Botswana
60
90
Morocco
37
153
Comoros
24
35
Saint Lucia
60
90
The FYR of Macedonia
37
154
Turkmenistan
22
35
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
60
95
Argentina
36
154
Zimbabwe
22
38
Cape Verde
59
95
Benin
36
156
Cambodia
21
38
Dominica
59
95
El Salvador
36
156
Democratic Republic of Congo
21
38
Lithuania
59
95
Kosovo
36
156
Uzbekistan
21
41
Brunei
58
95
Maldives
36
159
Burundi
20
41
Costa Rica
58
95
Sri Lanka
36
159
Central African Republic
20
41
Spain
58
101
Gabon
35
159
Chad
20
44
Georgia
57
101
Niger
35
159
Haiti
20
44
Latvia
57
101
Peru
35
159
Republic of Congo
20
46
Grenada
56
101
Philippines
35
164
Angola
18
47
Cyprus
55
101
Thailand
35
164
Eritrea
18
47
Czech Republic
55
101
Timor-Leste
35
166
Iraq
17
47
Malta
55
101
Trinidad and Tobago
35
166
Venezuela
17
50
Mauritius
54
108
Algeria
34
168
Guinea-Bissau
16
50
Rwanda
54
108
Côte d´Ivoire
34
169
Afghanistan
15
52
Korea (South)
53
108
Egypt
34
170
Libya
14
53
Namibia
52
108
Ethiopia
34
170
Sudan
14
54
Slovakia
51
108
Guyana
34
170
Yemen
14
55
Croatia
49
113
Armenia
33
173
Syria
13
55
Malaysia
49
113
Bolivia
33
174
Korea (North)
12
57
Hungary
48
113
Vietnam
33
175
South Sudan
11
57
Jordan
48
116
Mali
32
176
Somalia
10
57
Romania
48
116
Pakistan
32
116
Tanzania
32
116
Togo
32

Major Nations in specific latitudinal belt and their corruption level score as assessed by Transparency International.
75° N
Russia
29
75° N
Canada
82
75° N
Denmark
90
75° N
AVERAGE
67
60° N
Norway
85
60° N
Russia
29
60° N
Finland
89
60° N
Sweden
88
60° N
Canada
82
60° N
Denmark
90
60° N
United States
74
60° N
AVERAGE
76.71429
45° N
France
69
45° N
Italy
47
45° N
Croatia
49
45° N
Romania
48
45° N
Serbia
42
45° N
Ukraine
29
45° N
Kazakhstan
29
45° N
Uzbekistan
21
45° N
China
40
45° N
Mongolia
38
45° N
Japan
72
45° N
United States
74
45° N
AVERAGE
46.5
30° N
Morocco
37
30° N
Algeria
34
30° N
Libya
14
30° N
Egypt
34
30° N
Israel
64
30° N
Jordan
48
30° N
Saudi Arabia
46
30° N
Iraq
17
30° N
Kuwait
41
30° N
Iran
29
30° N
Afghanistan
15
30° N
Pakistan
32
30° N
India
40
30° N
Nepal
29
30° N
China
40
30° N
Mexico
30
30° N
AVERAGE
34.375
15° N
Senegal
45
15° N
Mauritania
27
15° N
Mali
32
15° N
Niger
35
15° N
Chad
20
15° N
Sudan
14
15° N
Eritrea
18
15° N
Yemen
14
15° N
Myanmar
28
15° N
Thailand
35
15° N
Laos
30
15° N
Vietnam
33
15° N
Philippines
35
15° N
Guatemala
28
15° N
Honduras
30
15° N
Nicaragua
26
15° N
AVERAGE
28.125
Gabon
35
Democratic Republic of Congo
21
Uganda
25
Kenya
26
Somalia
10
Malaysia
49
Indonesia
37
Ecuador
31
Colombia
37
Brazil
40
AVERAGE
31.1
15° S
Angola
18
15° S
Zambia
38
15° S
Mozambique
27
15° S
Malawi
31
15° S
Madagascar
26
15° S
Peru
35
15° S
Bolivia
33
15° S
Brazil
40
15° S
AVERAGE
31
30° S
South Africa
45
30° S
Lesotho
39
30° S
Australia
79
30° S
Chile
66
30° S
Argentina
36
30° S
Brazil
40
30° S
AVERAGE
50.83333
45° S
New Zealand
90
45° S
Chile
66
45° S
Argentina
36
45° S
AVERAGE
64